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Bus Tours. Luxury Tours. Half-day Tours.Inthe West Bengal government ordered the removal of the bronze statue of Gen. James Outram, a landmark in Calcutta. He was commander of the British forces during the Indian mutiny.

AP hide caption. It was not technically true. Calcutta, the bustling metropolis where I was born, once the First City of the British Raj, had already rechristened itself as Kolkata in The British left India inbut they left behind quite a bit of baggage — starchy clubs with antiquated jacket-and-tie dress codes completely unsuitable for Indian weather, a passion for cricket and English and Anglicized names.

Why Is Calcutta Now Kolkata? What Other Names In India Are Changing?

Every city had streets and squares named after English viceroys and governor-generals: Clive, Hastings, Dalhousie.

Soon the new government was busy renaming those roads and landmarks after Indian freedom fighters. Lala Lajpat Rai. Tilak, Gandhi. A lot of Gandhis and Nehrus. Kolkata was always called Kolkata in Bengali — derived from the name of one of the three villages said to have become the modern city of Kolkata. But the British called it Calcutta.

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I don't know why Calcutta rolled off British tongues more easily than Kolkata, but then I had American roommates who asked if they could call me Sandy instead of Sandip even though both names were two syllables.

In the government of West Bengal decided to officially change its capital city's name to Kolkata to reflect its original Bengali pronunciation. It didn't really affect us much.

kolkata, india

We were used to calling it Kolkata in Bengali and Calcutta in English, and we switched between both names with as much fluency as we switched between those two languages.

Other name changes were far more loaded — Bombay to Mumbai, Madras to Chennai, for example. The rejection of the British styling and the return to Indian roots was seen as erasing some of the cosmopolitan pasts of those cities, of favoring one linguistic group over another, of a rising tide of parochialism where some names tried to mark the true sons of the soil from names preferred by those who came from outside, even if that outside was just another state in India.

It became an ideological statement to use one name over the other, a sort of linguistic version of planting your flag in the sand. But Calcutta became Kolkata with minimal fuss. And for many of its residents it remained both, just as it had always been.

Of course, more politically correct visitors tripped all the time, trying to carefully enunciate Kolkata and putting the stress in all the wrong places. To make matters even more confusing, some institutions stayed Calcutta for reasons best known to them.

BARBEQUE NATION Unlimited Indian Buffet in Kolkata - Foreigners React

The Calcutta Electric Supply Corp. We studied at Calcutta University.The city is centred on the east bank of the Hugli Hooghly Riveronce the main channel of the Ganges Ganga Riverabout 96 miles km upstream from the head of the Bay of Bengal ; there the port city developed as a point of transshipment from water to land and from river to sea.

A city of commerce, transport, and manufacture, Kolkata is the dominant urban centre of eastern India. A third opinion traces it to the Bengali words for lime calcium oxide; kali and burnt shell katasince the area was noted for the manufacture of shell lime.

In the government of West Bengal officially changed the name of the city to Kolkata. Area city, 40 square miles square km ; urban agglom. Fashioned by the colonial British in the manner of a grand European capital—yet now set in one of the poorest and most overpopulated regions of India—Kolkata has grown into a city of sharp contrasts and contradictions.

Kolkata has had to assimilate strong European influences and overcome the limitations of its colonial legacy in order to find its own unique identity. In the process it created an amalgam of East and West that found its expression in the life and works of the 19th-century Bengali elite and its most noteworthy figure, the poet and mystic Rabindranath Tagore. This large and vibrant Indian city thrives amid seemingly insurmountable economic, social, and political problems.

Its citizens exhibit a great joie de vivre that is demonstrated in a penchant for art and culture and a high level of intellectual vitality and political awareness. In short, Kolkata remains an enigma to many Indians as well as to foreigners.

It continues to puzzle newcomers and to arouse an abiding nostalgia in the minds of those who have lived there. The location of the city appears to have been originally selected partly because of its easily defensible position and partly because of its favourable trading location. The low, swampy, hot, and humid riverbank otherwise has little to recommend it.

Its maximum elevation is about 30 feet 9 metres above sea level. Eastward from the river the land slopes away to marshes and swamplands. Similar topography on the west bank of the river has confined the metropolitan area largely to a strip 3 to 5 miles 5 to 8 km wide on either bank of the river. Reclamation of the Salt Lake area on the northeastern fringe of the city, however, demonstrated that the spatial expansion of the city is feasibleand further reclamation projects have been undertaken to the east, south, and west of the central area.

The whole urban complex is held together by close socioeconomic ties. Kolkata has a subtropical climate with a seasonal regime of monsoons rain-bearing winds. The average annual rainfall is about 64 inches 1, mm. Most of this falls from June to September, the period of the monsoon. These months are very humid and sometimes sultry.

During October and November the rainfall dwindles. The winter months, from about the end of November to the end of February, are pleasant and rainless; fogs and mists occasionally reduce visibility in the early morning hours at this season, as also do thick blankets of smog in the evenings.By its old spelling, Calcutta readily conjures images of human suffering to most Westerners — although that's not a complete picture of this year-old metropolis.

Although poverty is certainly apparent, the self-made middle class drives the city's core machinery, a nascent hipster culture thrives among its millennial residents and its dapper Bengali gentry frequent grand colonial-era clubs. Read More. Navigate forward to interact with the calendar and select a date.

Press the question mark key to get the keyboard shortcuts for changing dates. Or explore the collection of Best Places to stay in Kolkata Calcutta. See More. Find out what this means for travelers. Botanical Gardens Kolkata Calcutta Park.

Marble Palace Kolkata Calcutta Museum. Kumartuli Idol-makers Kolkata Calcutta Area. Indian Museum Kolkata Calcutta Museum. Maidan Kolkata Calcutta Park. New Market Kolkata Calcutta Market. Howrah Bridge Kolkata Calcutta Landmark. Day tours. Slide 1 of 8. Explore all. Multi-day adventures. The best free things to do in Kolkata. From crafts to fine art, Kolkata glitters with creativity. Kolkata in festivals: a calendar of celebrations. Best day trips from Kolkata.

Best of Bengal: exploring Kolkata's rich culinary heritage. Read more articles. See more activities.The film will also see Chris Pine reprise his role as Steve Trevor. The Ministry of Home Affairs MHA on Sunday said the supply of non-essential goods by e-commerce companies will remain prohibited during the national lockdown.

The Left leaders also accused the administration and Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee for the alleged improper distribution of ration. We have enough kits. Our lab is prepared to test at least samples per day. In an interview to The Indian Express, Dutta said it was the treating physician who should decide whether a patient with coronavirus had died due to it.

The bodies of two persons who died in a government hospital were cremated by the authorities on April 12 midnight. Some people had demonstrated claiming that the two died of coronavirus. Organisers believe West Bengal-based enterprises and companies that usually sponsor the pandals may not give puja committees as much money as they usually do because of the economic impact that they themselves are facing post the lockdown.

State minister Partha Chatterjee wondered why BJP leaders were putting lives at risk by conducting relief programmes. Meanwhile, two more hospitals in Kolkata were affected after a nurse and patient tested positive for coronavirus. With five patients discharged from hospitals after recovering from the disease, the number of active cases went up from to Till date, seven people in West Bengal have died of the disease.

Modi announced that the lockdown would remain in place till May 3. Reacting to it, senior TMC leader and state minister Subrata Mukherjee said Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee had already announced the extension of the lockdown in the state.

In the last 24 hours, 15 more people tested positive in West Bengal, taking the total active cases to on Monday. This statement came two days after the Ministry of Home Affairs MHA wrote two letters to the state government, asking it to take note of alleged massive violations of lockdown rules and guidelines. What inspired Chowdhury was the large number of senior citizens living alone in the city.

According to the Centre, the state has had positive cases till date. With 29 patients having been discharged, the number of active cases is India Is Safe for Women by wovoyage.

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kolkata, india

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AC Hotels in Kolkata Calcutta. Accor Hotels in Kolkata Calcutta.Calcutta did not become the capital of British India untilwhen the first governor-general, Warren Hastingstransferred all important offices to the city from Murshidabad, the provincial Mughal capital. A supreme court administering English law began to exercise original jurisdiction over the city as far as the Maratha Ditch now Acharya Prafulla Chandra and Jagadish Chandra Bose roads.

In the population of Calcutta was roughly between 10, and 12, It increased to nearlyby and toby The White British Town was built on ground that had been raised and drained. Two distinct areas—one British, one Indian—came to coexist in Calcutta. Calcutta at that time was described as a pestilential town.

There were few good roads. In the Lottery Committee was constituted to finance public improvement by means of lotteries, and between and it took some effective measures to improve conditions. The municipal corporation was established in Cyclones in, andhowever, devastated the poorer, low-lying areas. By successive stages, as British power extended over the subcontinent, the whole of northern India became a hinterland for the port of Calcutta.

The abolition of inland customs duties in created an open market, and the construction of railways beginning in further quickened the development of business and industry. British mercantile, banking, and insurance interests flourished.

The Indian sector of Calcutta also became a busy hub of commerce and was thronged with people from throughout India and many other parts of Asia. Calcutta became the intellectual centre of the subcontinent. The turn of the 20th century marked the beginning of a troublesome period for Calcutta.

Insistent agitation led to the annulment of this partition inbut at that time the capital of British India was removed from Calcutta to Delhiwhere the government could enjoy relative calm.

kolkata, india

Communal riots occurred inand, when the nationalist leader Mohandas Gandhi called for noncompliance with unjust laws, riots occurred in The most serious communal riots of all took place inwhen the partition of British India became imminent and tensions between Muslims and Hindus reached their height.

Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Load Previous Page. Capital of British India Calcutta did not become the capital of British India untilwhen the first governor-general, Warren Hastingstransferred all important offices to the city from Murshidabad, the provincial Mughal capital. Pre-independence troubles The turn of the 20th century marked the beginning of a troublesome period for Calcutta.

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